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Sudan

SUDAN TRAVEL GUIDE

Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa that offers a unique blend of African and Arab culture, history, and natural beauty. The country is known for its ancient civilizations, diverse landscapes, and warm hospitality. With a population of over 43 million people, Sudan is the third-largest country in Africa and has a rich history that spans over 5,000 years.

 

Sudan is home to some of the most fascinating archaeological sites in the world, including the ancient pyramids of Meroë and the temples of Jebel Barkal. The country also boasts an abundance of natural attractions, such as the Red Sea coast, the Nile River, and the Nuba Mountains.

In addition to its historical and natural wonders, Sudan is also known for its vibrant and colorful markets, where visitors can sample traditional foods and purchase unique souvenirs. Sudanese cuisine is a blend of African and Middle Eastern flavors, and is sure to delight even the most discerning palate.

 

Despite its turbulent history, Sudan is a welcoming and friendly country that is eager to share its rich culture and traditions with visitors. With its warm climate, beautiful scenery, and hospitable people, Sudan is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the wonders of Africa.

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SUDAN QUICK FACTS

  • Capital: Khartoum

  • Government: Military junta

  • Currency: Sudanese Pound (SDG)

  • Area: 2,505,810 km²

  • Population: 41,8 million (2018)

  • Language: Arabic & English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages,

  • Religion: Islam 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)

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SUDAN PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

  • 1 January, Independence Day

Also, Maulid an-Nabi, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha.

FESTIVALS IN SUDAN

Sudan

BEST TIME TO VISIT SUDAN

The best time to visit Sudan is during the winter months, which run from November to February. During this time, temperatures are milder, ranging from 20-30°C (68-86°F) in most parts of the country, making it a comfortable time to explore Sudan's many outdoor attractions. Additionally, the winter months also tend to have less rainfall than the rest of the year, making it an ideal time for activities like hiking, visiting archaeological sites, and enjoying outdoor markets.

 

The summer months in Sudan, which run from March to May, are hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 45°C (113°F) in some areas. The rainy season in Sudan starts in June and runs through to October, with some areas experiencing heavy rainfall and flooding during this time. Therefore, it's not the best time for outdoor activities or sightseeing.

 

Overall, the winter months are the best time to visit Sudan as the weather is mild, and it's a great time to explore Sudan's many natural and cultural attractions. However, travelers should always check the weather conditions before planning their trip and make sure to bring appropriate clothing and gear for the season.

 

SAFETY IN SUDAN

Sudan has had a complex history of civil unrest, and the security situation can vary across the country. However, in recent years, the security situation has improved significantly, and the country has become a safer destination for tourists. The government of Sudan has taken steps to improve security, and visitors are generally able to move around the country without any issues.

 

However, visitors should still exercise caution and stay informed about the current security situation. It is recommended that travelers check with their embassy or consulate before traveling to Sudan to get the latest information on safety and security.

It's also important to note that certain areas of Sudan, particularly those close to the borders with South Sudan, Libya, and Central African Republic, are considered high-risk areas due to ongoing conflict and instability. Visitors should avoid these areas and check for any updates on travel advisories before planning their trip.

 

Overall, while Sudan may not be a completely risk-free destination, visitors who take the necessary precautions and stay informed about the security situation should be able to enjoy a safe and rewarding trip to this fascinating country.

SUDAN WEATHER SYNOPSIS

Sudan experiences mean annual temperatures between 26°C and 32°C, with summer temperatures in the north often exceeding 43°C. Rainfall in Sudan is unreliable and erratic, with great variation experienced between northern and southern regions. Northern regions typically experience virtually no rainfall (less than 50 mm annually), central regions receive between 200 mm and 700 mm per year, and some southern regions experience more than 1,500 mm annually. Most rainfall occurs during the rainy season from March to October, with greatest concentration between June and September.

Sudan

SUDAN TOURIST SEASONS

Most destinations have different times of the year when they’re more or less popular with tourists. 

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Peak Season

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SPORT & ACTIVITIES

SNOW SPORT IN SUDAN

HIKING & CYCLING IN SUDAN

BEACH OPTIONS IN SUDAN

SURFING IN SUDAN

KITESURF IN SUDAN

Kitesurfing spot details and weather

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TRAVEL SAFETY IN SUDAN

Always consider the current safety risk of each destination and do not travel without travel / medical insurance

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HEALTH RISKS IN SUDAN

Be aware of possible health risks in 

Sudan

Yellow fever - The yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America. The virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no medicine to treat or cure an infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.

Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.

Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.

Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.

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SUDAN TRAVEL COSTS

The cost of travel to Sudan can vary depending on a number of factors, including the duration of your trip, the type of accommodations you choose, the activities you plan to do, and your personal travel style. However, here are some rough estimates for the cost of travel to Sudan:

  • Accommodation: Basic guesthouses can cost anywhere from $10 to $30 per night, while mid-range hotels can cost between $50 to $100 per night. High-end hotels can cost upwards of $150 per night.
  • Food: Sudanese food is generally inexpensive, with street food and local restaurants offering meals for around $2 to $5. Western-style restaurants can be more expensive, with meals costing around $10 to $15.
  • Transportation: Taxis and public transportation in Sudan are relatively inexpensive, with taxi rides within the city costing around $1 to $3. Intercity buses are also affordable, with fares starting at around $5.
  • Activities: The cost of activities can vary widely, depending on what you plan to do. Visiting archaeological sites and museums generally costs between $5 to $10 per person, while outdoor activities such as hiking or wildlife safaris can cost more.

Overall, budget travelers can expect to spend around $30 to $50 per day, while mid-range travelers can expect to spend around $80 to $100 per day. High-end travelers can expect to spend upwards of $150 per day. It's important to note that these are rough estimates, and prices can vary widely depending on the specifics of your trip. Travelers are encouraged to do their own research and budget accordingly.

SUDAN TRAVEL TIPS

Here are some travel tips for visiting Sudan:

  • Respect local customs and traditions: Sudan is a predominantly Muslim country, and visitors should respect local customs and dress modestly, particularly when visiting religious sites.
  • Stay hydrated: Sudan can be very hot and dry, particularly in the summer months. Make sure to drink plenty of water and carry a refillable water bottle with you.
  • Be mindful of the sun: The sun in Sudan can be very strong, and visitors should take precautions to protect their skin and eyes from the sun. Wear sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses.
  • Carry cash: Sudan is a cash-based society, and credit cards are not widely accepted. Make sure to carry enough cash with you for your trip.
  • Learn some Arabic phrases: While many Sudanese people speak English, learning some basic Arabic phrases can be helpful for communicating with locals and showing respect for the local culture.
  • Be cautious of street food: Sudanese street food can be delicious, but visitors should exercise caution when eating street food to avoid getting sick. Stick to vendors who appear to have good hygiene practices and look for food that is cooked fresh.
  • Be mindful of the security situation: While the security situation in Sudan has improved in recent years, visitors should still exercise caution and stay informed about the current security situation. Check with your embassy or consulate before traveling to Sudan and avoid high-risk areas.
  • Be patient: Sudan is a country with a slower pace of life, and visitors should be patient and flexible when it comes to travel arrangements and schedules. Plan for extra time when traveling and be prepared for delays or changes.

Overall, Sudan can be a rewarding destination for travelers who are open to new experiences and respectful of local customs and traditions. By following these travel tips, visitors can enjoy a safe and memorable trip to this fascinating country.

SIGHTS & HIGHLIGHTS OF SUDAN

Sudan is a large country with diverse landscapes, cultures, and historical sites. Here are some of the main regions worth visiting and the highlights of each region:

  • Khartoum: The capital city of Sudan is a vibrant and bustling metropolis that offers a mix of modern and traditional sights. Highlights include the National Museum, which houses artifacts from ancient civilizations, the Khalifa House Museum, a beautifully restored Ottoman-era mansion, and the bustling Omdurman Souq, where visitors can shop for handicrafts and souvenirs.
  • Nile Valley: The Nile Valley in Sudan is home to some of the most impressive archaeological sites in Africa, including the ancient city of Meroë, the pyramids of Nuri, and the ruins of the royal city of Gebel Barkal. Visitors can explore the fascinating history of these sites and learn about the ancient kingdoms that once ruled this region.
  • Red Sea Coast: Sudan's Red Sea coast is a popular destination for divers and beachgoers, with pristine coral reefs and stunning underwater landscapes. The town of Port Sudan is the gateway to some of the best diving spots in Sudan, including the Sanganeb Marine National Park and the Shaab Rumi Reef.
  • Darfur: While Darfur has had a complex history of conflict and instability, the region is home to some of Sudan's most beautiful landscapes, including the Jebel Marra Mountains and the vast desert plains of the Sahara. Visitors can explore traditional villages and meet the friendly locals who call this region home.
  • Eastern Sudan: The eastern region of Sudan is known for its rugged mountain ranges and traditional cultures. Highlights include the stunning Red Sea Hills, which offer a range of outdoor activities such as hiking and wildlife spotting, and the ancient city of Suakin, which was once a thriving center of trade and commerce.

Overall, Sudan has a wealth of sights and experiences to offer visitors, from ancient historical sites to stunning natural landscapes. By exploring the different regions of Sudan, visitors can gain a deeper understanding of the country's rich history and culture.

Sudan is a country with a rich cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, and a wealth of historical sites. Here are some of the best things to see and do when visiting Sudan:

  • Explore the ancient ruins: Sudan is home to some of the most impressive archaeological sites in Africa, including the ancient city of Meroë, the pyramids of Nuri, and the ruins of the royal city of Gebel Barkal. Visitors can explore these sites and learn about the ancient kingdoms that once ruled this region.
  • Visit Khartoum: The capital city of Sudan is a vibrant and bustling metropolis that offers a mix of modern and traditional sights. Highlights include the National Museum, which houses artifacts from ancient civilizations, the Khalifa House Museum, a beautifully restored Ottoman-era mansion, and the bustling Omdurman Souq, where visitors can shop for handicrafts and souvenirs.
  • Go on a Nile cruise: The Nile River is a lifeline of Sudan, and visitors can explore its beauty and history on a Nile cruise. Several operators offer cruises that take visitors through the heart of Sudan, passing ancient temples, traditional villages, and stunning natural landscapes.
  • Visit the Red Sea Coast: Sudan's Red Sea coast is a popular destination for divers and beachgoers, with pristine coral reefs and stunning underwater landscapes. The town of Port Sudan is the gateway to some of the best diving spots in Sudan, including the Sanganeb Marine National Park and the Shaab Rumi Reef.
  • Experience traditional Sudanese culture: Sudan is a country with a rich cultural heritage, and visitors can experience this firsthand by attending traditional festivals, such as the colorful Sudanese wedding ceremonies or the annual Sufi festival in Omdurman. Visitors can also sample traditional Sudanese cuisine and visit local markets to shop for handicrafts and souvenirs.
  • Explore the desert landscapes: Sudan's vast deserts are home to some of the most stunning landscapes in Africa, from towering sand dunes to rugged mountain ranges. Visitors can explore these landscapes on guided tours and learn about the unique flora and fauna that call these regions home.

Overall, Sudan offers visitors a unique and rewarding travel experience, with a wealth of sights and experiences to discover. By exploring the country's ancient history, vibrant culture, and stunning natural landscapes, visitors can gain a deeper understanding of this fascinating country.

Sudan

WHAT TO EAT IN SUDAN

Sudanese cuisine is a rich blend of African, Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean influences, with a focus on simple, hearty dishes made from fresh, local ingredients. Here are some of the most popular dishes to try when visiting Sudan:

  • Ful medames: A popular breakfast dish made from fava beans, tomatoes, onions, and spices.
  • Kisra: A type of flatbread made from sorghum flour, water, and salt. It's often served with stews, dips, or grilled meats.
  • Shakshuka: A spicy tomato and egg dish that's popular for breakfast or brunch.
  • Bamia: A stew made from okra, tomatoes, onions, and spices, often served with rice or bread.
  • Kofta: Grilled or fried meatballs made from ground beef or lamb, seasoned with spices and herbs.
  • Shai bishara: A sweet tea made from black tea, cinnamon, and sugar, often served with dates or other sweets.
  • Halva: A sweet confection made from sesame paste and sugar, often flavored with nuts or fruit.

Sudanese cuisine also features a variety of street food, such as falafel, grilled meats, and fried snacks like samosas and fatayas. Vegetarians will find plenty of options in Sudanese cuisine, as many dishes are made with fresh vegetables and legumes. Overall, Sudanese cuisine offers a delicious and diverse range of flavors and dishes to discover.

LGBTQ IN SUDAN

Sudan

WHERE TO STAY IN SUDAN

When visiting Sudan for the first time, there are several options for accommodations depending on your budget and preferences. Here are some popular choices:

  • Khartoum: As the capital city of Sudan, Khartoum offers a wide range of accommodations to suit all budgets, from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxury hotels. The city has several international chain hotels and boutique hotels, with many located in the central area near the Nile River.
  • Port Sudan: If you're interested in exploring the Red Sea coast, Port Sudan is a good base for diving and beach activities. The town has several guesthouses and budget hotels, as well as a few mid-range hotels.
  • Meroë: If you're interested in exploring the ancient ruins of Meroë, there are a few guesthouses and small lodges located in the nearby town of Shendi. These accommodations offer a more rustic experience, with basic amenities and a chance to experience local Sudanese culture.
  • Desert camps: For a unique experience, consider staying in a desert camp. These camps are typically located in remote areas of the desert and offer basic accommodations in traditional Bedouin-style tents. They often provide guided tours of the surrounding desert landscapes and offer a chance to experience traditional Sudanese hospitality.

Regardless of where you stay, it's important to research your accommodations in advance and choose a reputable establishment that meets your needs and budget.

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