MYANMAR TRAVEL GUIDE
Land of golden pagodas; of ancient kingdoms and capitals; of temples and ruins. Land of green forests, plateaus and mountains; of miles and miles of coastline; of the Rivers Ayeyarwady, Salween and Mekong. Land of a people yearning and striving for democracy. The largest country in South East Asia, Myanmar, or Burma, as it was once called and as many people still prefer, is a culturally rich country, one that remains largely unexplored by tourists.
It’s a beautiful country, with picturesque rivers and lush fertile plains, green paddy fields, warm people and rich cultural heritage. The military junta ruling the nation is deterrent enough for even the most determined of foreign visitors - but things are changing. The government, insular though it may be, recognises the importance of tourism in earning precious foreign exchange. Myanmar is opening up, slowly but surely, and even though the 'tourist circuit’ is, for all practical purposes, still fairly restricted, the trip is worth the effort.
Do You Need a VISA to Visit
Advanced real-time filter by visa, region, value, weather & activity
MYANMAR QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Naypyidaw
- Currency: kyat (MMK)
- Area: 678,500 km²
- Population: 53,71 million (2018)
- Language: Burmese (official), English, Shan dialects, Kayin, Mon, Chinese dialects (Hokkien, Cantonese), Hindi, Tamil
- Religion: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2% (mostly Hindu)
- Electricity: 220V/50Hz (American and/or Central Europe plug)
Search for flights to
MYANMAR PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 4 January, Independence Day
- 12 February, Union Day
- 2 March, Peasants’ Day
- 27 March, Armed Forces Day
- 13–16 April, Thingyan (New Year)
- 1 May, Labor Day
- 19 July, Martyrs’ Day
Also, the full moon dates according to the Buddhist calendar of Tabaung, Kasone (Buddha Day), Waso (beginning of Buddhist Lent), Thadingyut (end of Buddhist Lent), and Tazaungmon (Festival of Lights), as well as National Day on the tenth waning moon of Tazaungmone.
MYANMAR WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Myanmar can be divided into three main agro-ecological zones: i) Central Dry; ii) Coastal; and iii) Hilly. Myanmar has a tropical to subtropical monsoon climate with three seasons: i) hot, dry inter-monsoonal (mid-February to mid-May); ii) rainy southwest monsoon (mid-May to late October); and iii) cool relatively dry northeast monsoon (late October to mid-February). Mean annual rainfall is the lowest in the Central Dry Zone (500-1,000 mm), increases in the Eastern and Northern Hilly regions, and is the highest in the Southern and Rakhine Coastal regions (2,500-5,500 mm). Seasonal temperatures generally vary greatly throughout most of Myanmar, except in the south. Mean temperature ranges from 32°C in the coastal and delta areas to 21°C in the northern lowlands. In the Central Dry Zone, temperatures range from a maximum of 40-43°C in the hot/dry season to 10-15°C in the cool/relatively dry season and decrease to -1°C or 0°C at times in the highlands. Myanmar’s west coast is subject to frequent tropical storms and cyclones during October to December with a secondary peak in April to May.
SPORT & ACTIVITIES
HIKING & CYCLING IN MYANMAR
The best time for outdoor activities in Myanmar is from October to April. You will still find snow on the higher summits over this period.
BEACH OPTIONS IN MYANMAR
The best time Myanmar's beautiful beaches is from November to April, with the peak season from December to February. May to October is the monsoon season and beaches close. Some of the best beaches are: Ngapali Beach, Mergui Archipelago, Ngwe Saung, Chaung Tha Beach, Kanthaya Beach, Nabule Beach, Pa Nyit Beach, Po Po Kyauk Beach, Teyzit Beach, Kabyar Wa Beach, Kanthaya Beach and Nabule Beach.
SURFING IN MYANMAR
The most consistent surf swells in Myanmar are from mid May to late September, however, these reliable waves also bring with them a pretty steady supply of rain, since it is the monsoon season. The best time to venture out for a surf is either towards the beginning or end of the season, when you can enjoy the waves without the rain.
HEALTH RISKS IN MYANMAR
Be aware of possible health risks in
Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.