Nepal contains 8 of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with Tibet, and Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.
In Nepal charm hangs in the air. Just like the notes of tinkling bells, just like the fair mist, just like the mumbled chant, quite like the incense smoke. Quirky things happen here like nowhere else! Ask the Nepalese and they’ll tell you a wonderful tale about change, growth, maturity and life. They'll tell you how the travel industry, tour operators and tourists are changing Nepal forever, but no one is complaining! That’s Nepal - dilemma-struck, dogmatic, and delightful.
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NEPAL QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)
- Area: 147,181 km²
- Population: 28,09 million (2018)
- Language: Nepali (official; spoken by 90% of the population), about a dozen other languages and about 30 major dialects;
- Religion: Hinduism 81.3%, Buddhism 9%, Islam 4.4%, Kirat 3.1% other 2.2%
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NEPAL PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 30 January, Martyrs’ Day
- 19 February, National Democracy Day
- 8 March, International Women’s Day
- 13/14 April, Nepali New Year/Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Birthday
- 24 April, Democracy Day
- 1 May, May Day
- 28 May, Republic Day
Also, Vaisakhi (New Year), Ghatasthapana (Dashain), and other Hindu holidays and festivals, Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Guru Nanak’s Birthday, Buddha Day (Visakaha Day), and Tibetan New Year.
NEPAL WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Nepal’s climate is as diverse as the country’s topography, which encompasses eight of the ten highest mountains in the world and extends to the rim of the Gangetic plains that have elevations below 300 meters above mean sea level. Rainfall in Nepal is driven by the monsoons, which migrate through the country in the summer months (between June and September) and bring 250-450 mm of rainfall each month to a majority of the country (except for the north-western mountains that receive between 100-150 mm per month). Winters are largely dry in Nepal. Average annual temperature for the whole country is 27°C and average rainfall is 1900 mm annually. However, these statistics vary by region and altitude. The country’s principal climatic regions span a rich topography that range in elevation from 100 to 8848 meters in a north-south trajectory of only 80 km .
SPORT & ACTIVITIES
SNOW SPORT IN NEPAL
Nepal is still an up and coming snow skiing destination. You should be able to go skiing in April and October, where October is the more popular season because there is more snow in the ski areas compared to April. These are some of best ski resorts currently in Nepal: Ski Mera Peak, Annapurna and Kuri.
HIKING & CYCLING IN NEPAL
The best time for outdoor activities in Nepal is from September to late November (Autumn) and from February to mid April (Spring) when the weather is dry and temperatures moderate. December and January don't bring much snow, so if you can handle the icy cold temperatures, you could be one of very few up in the mountains. June to August are generally just too wet.
HEALTH RISKS IN NEPAL
Be aware of possible health risks in
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.
LGBTQ IN NEPAL
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in Nepal are among the most progressive in Asia. Homosexuality was legalised across the country in 2007 together with new laws explicitly including protections on the basis of sexual orientation. Based on a ruling of the Supreme Court of Nepal in late 2007, the government was also looking into legalising same-sex marriage, however, this has to date not yet materialised.
Despite these supportive laws and provisions, LGBT people still face societal discrimination in Nepal. Nepal Pride is an annual LGBT event held in Kathmandu.