NICARAGUA TRAVEL GUIDE
Nicaragua, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is a Central American nation known for its dramatic terrain of lakes, volcanoes and beaches. Vast Lake Managua and the iconic strato-volcano Momotombo sit north of the capital Managua. To its south is Granada, noted for its Spanish colonial architecture and an archipelago of navigable islets rich in tropical bird life.
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NICARAGUA QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Managua
- Currency: Gold cordoba (NIO)
- Area: 130,373 km²
- Population: 6,466 million (2018)
- Language: Spanish, English
- Religion: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant
- Electricity: 120V/60Hz (US plug)
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NICARAGUA PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 1 May, Labour Day
- 30 May, Mother’s Day
- 19 July, National Liberation Day
- 1 August, Fiesta Day (Santo Domingo Day)
- 14 September, San Jacinto Fight Day
- 15 September, Independence Day
- 2 November, All Souls Day
- 8 December, Immaculate Conception
Also, Semana Santa (Holy Week) from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday.
NICARAGUA WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Nicaragua has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation in temperature, which ranges between 21-27˚C, and two distinct rainfall seasons: a ‘wet’ season’ (May-October) and a ‘dry’ season (November-April). A dry period called the ‘Canícula’ regularly interrupts the wet season during late July and early August. From July to October the country is subject to increased rainfall intensity and strong winds resulting from its geographic location in the path of Pacific cyclones and Atlantic hurricanes. El Niño Southern Oscillation fluctuations during June and August bring relatively warmer and drier or colder and wetter conditions, respectively.
SPORT & ACTIVITIES
HIKING & CYCLING IN NICARAGUA
The best time for outdoor activities in Nicaragua is during the dry season, from November to April, although November can still see a fair amount of rain. If you're looking for something adventurous to do in Nicaragua, you can go Sandboarding down the Active Volcano of Cerro Negro!
BEACH OPTIONS IN NICARAGUA
The beaches in Nicaragua are best enjoyed during the dry season from December to April. During this time, the beaches are more accessible and the sea is not too choppy.
SURFING IN NICARAGUA
While the surf in Nicaragua might not be world class, it can still be really fun. Swells can be fairly consistent from March to November, but are biggest from April to June.
KITESURF IN NICARAGUA
The windy kitesurfing season in Nicaragua starts in November and sometimes lasts until July, although there is usually less wind from April to June. The best months are from the middle of December until the end of March.
For more details on kite surfing in Nicaragua expand this section!
HEALTH RISKS IN NICARAGUA
Be aware of possible health risks in
Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.