NIGERIA TRAVEL GUIDE
After many years, Nigeria can heave a sigh of relief — a civilian government is in power, trying to put its troubled past littered with ethnic strife and military dictatorships behind it.
Nigeria is a country of amazing contrasts—there is a great economic divide between the beer-guzzling, suit and tie-wearing corporate executives who drive foreign cars on the new super-smooth highways and control Nigeria’s most precious resource - oil; and those who are condemned to a grim existence in urban shanty towns or in a countryside impoverished by the almost total neglect of agriculture. All these facts need not be distressing -Nigeria can be a fascinating destination for the same reasons. The point is to read up a bit on its history and politics, tighten your seat belt on those highways, and plunge into this always-exciting country.
Protected areas such as Cross River National Park and Yankari National Park have waterfalls, dense rain-forest, savanna and rare primate habitats. One of the most recognisable sites is Zuma Rock, a 725m-tall monolith outside the capital of Abuja that’s pictured on the national currency.
Lagos, Nigeria’s largest city (and second-most populous city in Africa), sprawls inland from the Gulf of Guinea across Lagos Lagoon. Victoria Island, the financial centre of the metropolis, is known for its beach resorts, boutiques and nightlife.
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NIGERIA QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Abuja
- Currency: naira (₦, NGN)
- Area: 923,768 km²
- Population: 195,9 million (2018)
- Language: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Fulani
- Religion: Christian 50,5%, Muslim 43,5%, indigenous beliefs 6%
- Electricity: 240V, 50Hz (UK plug)
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NIGERIA PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 1 May, Labour Day
- 29 May, Democracy Day
- 1 October, National Day
Also, Christian holidays and Islamic festivals.
NIGERIA WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Annual rainfall generally decreases from the coast inland from an average of about 3000 mm in Warri on the coast to less than 500 mm in Nguru in the Sahel of the north-east. However, rainfall is mostly seasonal- in the south, the wet season extends from March to October, while it is May to September in the north. Temperatures are more or less moderate throughout the year except in one or two months when the dry cold north-easterly wind dominates the wind system.
HEALTH RISKS IN NIGERIA
Be aware of possible health risks in
Yellow fever - The yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America. The virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no medicine to treat or cure an infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.
Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.