PERU TRAVEL GUIDE
Peru is home to a section of Amazon rainforest and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains. The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail and colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites. On Peru’s arid Pacific coast is Lima, the capital, with a preserved colonial centre and important collections of pre-Columbian art.
Whether it is the colonial cities with their history of the Spanish Conquistadors, the lost city of Machu Picchu, the Inca city of Cusco or the 58km bio-reserve with its rare flora and fauna, you will be struck by Peru’s historical, natural and geographical contrasts.
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PERU QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Lima
- Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
- Area: 1,285,216 km²
- Population: 31,99 million (2018)
- Language: Spanish (official), Quechua, Aymara
- Electricity: Mostly 220V, 60Hz (Type A and C North American and Euro plug)
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PERU PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 1 May, Labour Day
- 29 June, St. Peter & St. Paul Day
- 28–29 July, Independence Day
- 30 August, St. Rosa of Lima
- 8 October, Battle of Angamos
- 1 November, All Saints Day
- 8 December, Immaculate Conception
Also, Holy Thursday through Easter Sunday.
PERU WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Peru is a diverse country defined by the Andean mountain range, which runs north-south, dividing the country into three broad climatic regions: the Coast, the Andean Highlands, and the Eastern lowlands and Amazon rain-forest. The Coast experiences a semi-arid, subtropical desert climate with average annual rainfall of 150 mm. Along the southern and central coast, temperatures vary from 13˚–26˚C, with colder months in May and October. The north has a more semi-tropical climate and temperatures average 24˚C. In the Andean highlands, climate varies with elevation; traditionally, a rainy season occurs from September– March (although it can start as late as December) and a dry, cold season from May–August. Average temperatures range from 11˚–18˚C, and annual rainfall from 50–1000 mm, with drier conditions along the southwest and wetter conditions along the east. The northern Andes are subject to frosts, while the southern Andes are drought-prone. The Eastern lowlands and Amazon rain-forest have a tropical climate, with high temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. Average temperatures range from 22˚C in the eastern Andes to 31˚C in the Amazon, with annual rainfall from 1,000–3,000 mm.
SPORT & ACTIVITIES
HIKING & CYCLING IN PERU
The best time for outdoor activities in Peru is from May to October, when the days have blue skies and very little rain, providing perfect hiking conditions. April and November can also be pretty good shoulder months.
BEACH OPTIONS IN PERU
The most popular beach season in Peru is from December to March, but it can also be a bit wet. The months of April and November can be rather unpredictable weather wise.
SURFING IN PERU
Peru is a year round surfing destination with the most consistent swell in Northern Peru. In the South and Southwestern Peru, the best surf season is from April to October.
KITESURF IN PERU
With more than 300 windy days per year, Peru is a must see kitesurfing destination. The most consistent and best winds are from May to December. The conditions are varied to suit all levels of riders.
For more details on kite surfing in Peru expand this section!
HEALTH RISKS IN PERU
Be aware of possible health risks in
Yellow fever - The yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America. The virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no medicine to treat or cure an infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.
Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.