Sri Lanka

SRI LANKA TRAVEL GUIDE

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Sri Lanka has more than 2,550 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha and was also mentioned in several ancient Indian texts. One of the most famous is the Ramayana, in which the island, which was referred to as Lanka, was the island fortress of the king Ravana. And over many centuries Sri Lanka has had many names.

 

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal and southeast of the Arabian Sea. It is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait.

 

Sri Lanka has always epitomised the exotic – a place where the earth opens up to yield a precious bounty of 'pigeon blood' rubies and bright green emeralds, of yellow and blue sapphires as big as rocks and sloping tiers of rubber, tea, coffee and spice plantations on hillsides. Although tiny, Sri Lanka is one of the world’s major tourist destinations, with enough spice gardens, temples, elephants and tea plantations to hold its own against the rest of the Far East.

 

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SRI LANKA QUICK FACTS

  • Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, but Colombo is the commercial capital

  • Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

  • Area: 65,610 km²

  • Population: 21,67 million (2018)

  • Language: Sinhala , Tamil , English (Official)

  • Religion: Buddhist 70%, Hindu 15%, Christian 8%, Muslim 8%

  • Electricity: 230V, 50Hz British G type plug most common + fewer (older) installations of D (round pin plug used in India).

 

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SRI LANKA PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

  • 4 February, Independence Day (banks also)
  • 13–14 April, Tamil and Sinhala New Year
  • 1 May, May Day (banks also)
  • 22 May, Proclamation of the Republic Day (1972)

Any of the above public holidays that falls on a Saturday is observed on the preceding work day; any that falls on a Sunday is observed on the following work day. The full moon day (Poya Day) of each month is a holiday in Sri Lanka.

FESTIVALS IN SRI LANKA

Sri Lanka
 

BEST TIME TO VISIT SRI LANKA

 

SRI LANKA WEATHER SYNOPSIS

Sri Lanka is hot and humid with significant variation in climate over time and space. This variation is reinforced by the country’s topography, which creates its unique rainfall pattern. The average annual rainfall in Sri Lanka varies from less than 1000 mm in the semi-arid area of the northwest and southeast of the island to above 5000 mm on the southwestern slopes of the central hills. The country has four major rainfall seasons. The southwest monsoon period (May to September) accounts for up to 55% of the annual precipitation and often exceeds 3000 mm of rain. The inter-monsoon period (October to November) follows the southwest monsoon and contributes over 500 mm of rain in many places. The northeast monsoon period (December to February) contributes about 200 mm to 1200 mm of rain. The inter-monsoon period (March to April) follows the northeast monsoon. Based on precipitation patterns, Sri Lanka is divided into three zones: the wet zone, intermediate zone, and dry zone. The wet zone receives a mean annual rainfall of over 2500 mm, the dry zone receives less than 1750 mm, and the intermediate zone receives between 1750 mm and 2500 mm. Little or no seasonal annual variation of temperature is experienced in Sri Lanka, with mean annual temperature in coastal areas ranging from 26ºC to 28ºC. At higher altitudes, above 1500 m, temperature ranges between 15ºC and 19ºC.

Sri Lanka

SRI LANKA TOURIST SEASONS

Most destinations have different times of the year when they’re more or less popular with tourists. 

Peak Season

Shoulder Season

Off Peak Season

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SPORT & ACTIVITIES

SNOW SPORT IN SRI LANKA

HIKING & CYCLING IN SRI LANKA

There are plenty of incredible hiking opportunities in Sri Lanka, but you need to understand that the weather varies across the country! The Southwestern monsoon brings rain to the Southwest from May to September, with the dry season in this region being from December to March. The Northeastern coastal regions of the country are influenced by the Northeastern monsoon, which brings wind and rain from October to January, with drier weather from May to September.

BEACH OPTIONS IN SRI LANKA

Sri Lanka has some stunning idyllic beaches, but you need to understand that the weather varies across the country! The Southwestern monsoon brings rain to the Southwest from May to September, with the dry season in this region being from December to March. The Northeastern coastal regions of the country are influenced by the Northeastern monsoon, which brings wind and rain from October to January, with drier weather from May to September.

SURFING IN SRI LANKA

Sri Lanka has some fun waves for surfing with the consistent offshore winds during monsoon season. The best surf season on the Southwest is from November to March (check out Hikkaduwa), while the best surf season on the East coast is from May to September (check out Arugam Bay).

KITESURF IN SRI LANKA

Sri Lanka has two windy seasons suitable to kite and windsurfing. The best time to kitesurf is from mid May to the end of September, as the winds are most consistent. December until early March also has good winds, although less consistent.

For more details on kite surfing in Sri Lanka expand this section!

 
 

HEALTH RISKS IN SRI LANKA

Be aware of possible health risks in 

Sri Lanka

Yellow fever - The yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America. The virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no medicine to treat or cure an infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.

Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.

Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.

Dengue - Dengue is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe.

For the latest travel health notices and recommended precautions click

SRI LANKA TRAVEL COSTS

 

SRI LANKA TRAVEL TIPS

 

SIGHTS & HIGHLIGHTS OF SRI LANKA

 

WHAT TO PACK FOR SRI LANKA

 
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WHAT TO EAT IN SRI LANKA

 

LGBTQ IN SRI LANKA

 
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WHERE TO STAY IN SRI LANKA

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