India is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth and a hub of trade in Southeast Asia. India provides a vast canvass for touring whether it may be cultural, adventure, religious, history, beach or wildlife.
India offers a myriad of flavours mingling in the steam of a country coming of age. Teeming with over a billion people who voice over a million concerns in fifteen hundred different languages, India is where people live with variety, thrive on diversity and are too familiar with largeness to let it boggle them.
Travellers and tourists to India may, however, find it daunting. Mud huts and mansions face off across city streets and luxury and limp are inhabitants of the same lane. Just like in the masala box in every Indian kitchen, measures of Calm and Kaam (work) craft the people of India. In this beautiful and bountiful land that is India, events, experiences and sensations heap themselves on the tourist at every step. India will be one of the most stimulating places you’ll ever visit.
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INDIA QUICK FACTS
- Capital: Delhi
- Currency: Indian Rupee (₹, INR)
- Area: total: 3,287,263 km²
- Population: 1,353 billion (2018)
- Language: Hindi, English and 21 other official languages
- Religion: 79.8% Hindu, 14.2 Islam, 2.3 Christianity, 1.7% Sikhism, 0.7% Buddhist, 0.7% Other religions, 0.4% Jain
- Electricity: 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British) and European plugs
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INDIA PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 26 January, Republic Day
- 15 August, Independence Day
- 2 October, Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday
Also, business openings and work schedules may be significantly affected by Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, Islamic, Jain, and Sikh holidays and festivals.
INDIA WEATHER SYNOPSIS
India’s climate is influenced by the presence of the Himalayas in the northern part of the country and the Thar Desert in the west. The Himalayan Mountains act as a barrier to winds from Central Asia and China, enabling India’s climate to be warmer than other countries at similar latitudes. The northern part of the country is characterised as a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The coastal regions of the country, however, experience warmer temperatures with little variation throughout the year and frequent rainfall.
SPORT & ACTIVITIES
HIKING & CYCLING IN INDIA
The best time for outdoor activities in India is from October to May when the weather is dry. June and September can also be fine in some regions, but many areas are off limits during July and August due to the wet monsoons.
BEACH OPTIONS IN INDIA
The best time for a beach holiday in India is from October / November to March. These are some great beach destinations: Gokarna in Karnataka, Calangute beach in Goa, Tiny Ganpatipule in Maharashtra, Kovalam in Kerala, Marari Beach in Kerala and Mandarmani beach in East Midnapore.
SURFING IN INDIA
India has surfable waves all year round, with the season for big waves from May to September and excellent conditions for beginners from December to March.
KITESURF IN INDIA
India can have around 250 days of suitable wind per year! The stronger Southwest wind blows from April to September while the North wind blows from December to March. Check out these great kitesurfing spots: Rameswaram Island (Tamil Nadu) Swami's Bay, Manapad Lagoon (Tamil Nadu), Blue Bell Beach Dwarka (Gujarat), and Morjem Beach (Goa).
HEALTH RISKS IN INDIA
Be aware of possible health risks in
Zika Virus - Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
LGBTQ IN INDIA
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in India may face legal and social difficulties not experienced by non-LGBT persons. India does not recognise same-sex marriage or civil unions.
Despite recent political movements in favour of LGBT rights, there remains a significant amount of homophobia present among the Indian population, with more than half the population still objecting to same-sex relationships in a 2019 opinion poll.