PALESTINE TRAVEL GUIDE
INTRODUCTION TO PALESTINE
Palestine, recognised officially as the State of Palestine by the United Nations and other entities, is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia claiming the West Bank and Gaza Strip with Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative centre is currently located in Ramallah. The Palestinian territory, in a wider sense and together with Israel, is considered the Holy Land for three of the world's major religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The West Bank, administered by the Palestinian Authority, has been under Israeli occupation since 1967; Gaza, under Hamas control and at odds with the PA in the West Bank, is under an Israeli-Egyptian blockade. The final status of these territories remains the subject of ongoing and future negotiations. The stated outcome of negotiations and final status talks is currently regarded as the eventual creation of a new, sovereign state - to be called The State of Palestine - however many difficulties currently block the creation of this state, namely the internationally-illegal Israeli settlement programme that dots the West Bank. Therefore, it is commonplace to refer to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip collectively as Palestine although the accepted terminology used by the United Nations remains the "Occupied Palestine"
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PALESTINE QUICK FACTS
- Capital: de facto administrative capital: Ramallah / de jure capital East Jerusalem
- Government: PNA (Palestinian National Authority)
- Currency: Israeli new shekel (ILS) with Jordanian dinars widely accepted in the West Bank (JOD)
- Area: 6,020 km²
- Population: 5,052 million (2020)
- Language: Arabic; English and Hebrew are the most commonly used foreign languages
- Religion: Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Christian and other 8%, Jewish 17%
- Electricity: 230V, 50Hz (Israeli plug)
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PALESTINE PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
PALESTINE WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Temperate climate with mild winters. Dry and warm to hot summers. Some desert parts, though, like Jericho, can get extremely hot in summer. Either spring or autumn would be the best time to travel to Palestine.