RWANDA TRAVEL GUIDE
Officially the Republic of Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. One of the smallest countries on the African mainland, its capital city is Kigali.
Rwanda, at the heart of East Africa, has had its heart ripped out time and again, as its people victims of some of the most brutal genocides in human history. But Rwanda has been quick to pick itself up and get on even keel. The recovery has been rapid and nothing short of incredible.
Rwanda is a beautiful country of grasslands and rainforests, of lakes, springs and rivers, of high mountains, extinct and active volcanoes and of a great variety of rare fauna and flora. A peace accord, international intervention and foreign aid have brought a tenuous calm to Rwanda but ethnic tensions still simmer beneath the surface.
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RWANDA QUICK FACTS
Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)
Area: 26,338 km2
Population: 12,3 million (2018)
Language: Kinyarwanda (official) , French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili)
Religion: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%
Electricity: 220V/50Hz (European plug)
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RWANDA PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
- 1 February, National Heroes’ Day
- 7 April, Tutsi Genocide Memorial Day
- 1 May, Labor Day
- 1 July, Independence Day
- 4 July, Liberation Day
- 15 August, Assumption Day
- 25 December, Christmas Day
- 26 December, Boxing Day
Also, Good Friday and Eid al-Fitr.
RWANDA WEATHER SYNOPSIS
Rwanda lies within the equatorial zone, but has sizeable mountains and hills that moderate its climate and cause it to be more temperate. Generally, rainfall follows a gradient from west to east with the western regions experiencing more annual rainfall than the eastern. The mean annual temperature of Rwanda is around 18°C with maximum temperatures of about 25°C and minimum temperatures of 13°C. There are two rainy seasons and two dry seasons within Rwanda that are controlled by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), as it travels back and forth between the Equator and Tropic of Capricorn throughout the year. One rainy season occurs from March-May and another from September-December. Rwanda receives an average annual rainfall of around 1,295 mm, with the highest monthly rainfall occurring in April, which has an average monthly rainfall total of 157 mm.
HEALTH RISKS IN RWANDA
Be aware of possible health risks in
Yellow fever - The yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America. The virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no medicine to treat or cure an infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.
Malaria - Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.